Princ/Elems


~  THE PRINCIPLES & ELEMENTS OF DESIGN ~

A Basic Framework for the LANGUAGE of ART 

compiled by Harry and Suzy Ally


ELEMENTS of DESIGN are the tools of an artist:

  1. Line
  2. Color
  3. Texture
  4. Value
  5. Shape
  6. Time 


PRINCIPLES of DESIGN are the rules of composition, a way to use the ELEMENTS.  Principles are based on the observation of nature & vary according to what book you look at:

  • Unity & Variety - Unity is the repetition of the elements but if perfectly repetitive, it's boring. Therefore you have to add a little variety which is a contrast of an element.  Too much variety equals chaos.   Harry & Suzy's personal is 90% unity & 10% variety.
  • Balance - Asymmetrical, symmetrical & radial
  • Emphasis - Focal point
  • Rhythm - Multiple focal points, creating movement
  • Proportion - Golden Mean, 1:1.618 found in nature, Rule of Thirds.


MEDIUMS - the medium simply states the physical materials used:

  • oil paint
  • watercolor
  • pencil
  • charcoal
  • "mixed media"
  • canvas
  • paper
  • bronze
  • steel
  • porcelain
  • clay
  • dirt
  • live earthworms [heh heh]
  • a world of possibilities
© Ally Art Studios 2013      ~      s@suzanneally.com